Should there be a comma before the title, as in the book titled how i. Splice girls, and boys comma splice is a term used for the linking of two independent clauses that is, grammatical units that contain a subject and a verb and could stand. Most newspapers and magazines drop the oxford comma in a simple series, apparently. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Thank you for pointing out these punctuation errors. Apostrophes are mainly used to indicate possession and contraction but are probably the most misplaced punctuation mark after commas. When referencing a book in a written paper, do i place a commas after the authors name and before the book title. Some writers struggle with the question of when to put a comma before the word and. An article title, an article title an article title. When to use commas before quotations quick and dirty. No one other than professional editors seems to know that.
But if the phrase is longer than four words, use a comma. This is more appropriate when accompanying the whole name. If the question refers to commas in a list of things, the answer is no. While a comma after the title may be correct on rare occasions.
In sentence 2 it is not clear whether the speaker is referring to john as his. Commas should sometimes be placed before and after. When the last comma in a series comes before and or or after. You could remove the title from this sentence and readers would still understand it. The correct way to use commas with names and titles. When the last comma in a series comes before and or or after daughterinlaw in the above example, it is known as the oxford comma. Many people learn that a comma should be placed before a name or title, but that is not entirely true. But in the example below, no commas are used around the by phrases because the authors names are needed to distinguish works with the same title. Is it grammaticaly correct to place a comma after and. Both words are capitalized before the name, lowercase after the name, and set off by commas.
Proofreading for punctuation communication at work. I was reading the book for whom the bell tolls, by ernest hemingway. Times, mla, apa and every other style in the country, both the comma and the period should come before the closing quotation mark, not after. The phrase by ernest hemingway isnt essential to the sentences meaning the only time this doesnt apply is if therere two books with identical titles but different authors. The chicago manual of style online is the venerable, timetested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. A 2011 report, fun things to do in ottawa, makes no mention of the.
Note that by unnecessary, i dont mean that the noun set off with commas is. The correct way to use commas with names and titles we use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. When you are using a book title in a sentence you usually put quotation marks, around and commas before and after it but in elementary school you are taught underline all titles. To see if you need commas around an interrupter, try taking the interrupter out of the sentence completely. Use commas to set off the name, nickname, term of endearment, or title of a person directly. Taking the word but for example, if it is being used to join two independent clauses together then there should be a comma before but. A 2011 report, fun things to do in ottawa, makes no mention of the weather in january. Why are there commas after gay and bespectacled but not. When an introductory prepositional phrase is very short less than four words, the comma is usually optional. Perhaps we shouldnt give up on paper books just yet. So the book title is necessary information and should not be set off with commas. If you remove the by phrases, the sentence is nonsensical. The sentence you want to write might go her book, snow country, was read by millions.
The first thing to know is that there are generally only two correct options. When each element separated by or is just one or two words, the reader will have little trouble mentally sorting things out with whichever style you choose that said, advocates of the oxford comma do have a strong argument when it comes to the clarity. The envelope was made of yellowish parchment, and the address was written in emeraldgreen ink. If a quoted word or phrase fits into the flow of your sentence without a break or pause, then a comma may not be necessary.
Comma before that common mistakes in business english. The only time you need commas in the question of titles and authors is if that information is in an introductory prepositional phrase or part of some other grammatical situation that requires commas such as in the scarlet letter by nathanial hawthorne, hester prynne suffers tremendously under the weight of her guilt and shame. But is it possible to write in plus book title, and then no comma. Some people put the comma before the and while others leave it out, but it definitely does not go after. See the quotation in the accepted answer for a brief discussion of various titles, including book titles. Lets start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last words in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, or with a comma both before and after. Do you place a comma before a poems title in a sentence. President is capitalized before the name, lowercase and set off by commas after the name. Because commas have many different uses, and those uses can differ from style guide to style guide, comma rules can be difficult to pin down. According to the little, brown handbook fowler and. If the title doesnt limit the meaning of the sentence that is, if its used as a nonrestrictive phrase place a comma before it as well as after it. Commas before or after conjunctions the comma guide. The grammar books commas page and its commas quiz 1 and commas quiz 2 straus, 2018a return to the complete list of punctuation covered in this chapter section. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence.
A little while back, a fellow editor asked me about commas and appositives, particularly with an eye to mentioning titles of books and such like. Do not use a comma for titles that appear before the persons name, such as the reverend joe smith or doctor mary richards. Life after life, by kate atkinson, won several book awards. The last poem that poe ever wrote, annabel lee, was completed in 1849. Commas with names and titles, simplified the critical reader. My estate goes to my husband, son, daughterinlaw, and nephew. The basic idea is that if the name in the above example, jessie is the only thing in the world described by the identifier my oldest friend, use a comma before the name and after it as well, unless youve come to the end of the sentence. If the sentence is still clear without the interrupter, then you probably need the. Now, if you use the, you can go with or without commas when its a name or title.
Do you use a comma before a title of a book in a sentence. The organization is committed to protecting wildlife, especially pandas. Whereas a comma is needed before and after the state in formulations such as new york, new york, when the city and state are used as the title of a work, no comma is needed following the name of the state, unless the grammar of the rest of the sentence requires it after watching the movie new york, new york, we went out to dinner. Should commas be used around by and an authors name after a title. The word became is important, so capitalize it unless you are doing library cataloging and entering the title into a database so then millionaire wont be capitalized. Use commas after introductory a clauses, b phrases, or c words that come before the main clause. Commas should sometimes be placed before and after names and titles. My chemistry book, which weighs about 100 pounds, has some really great examples. For detailed discussion and illustration of the use or omission of commas before and after quoted material, including dialogue, see. For instance, heres the passage the question arose from. Should commas be used around by and an authors name after. Using commas before names or titles sallyhanans blog. Should there be a comma before the title, as in the book. If the sentence does not make sense in context without the name, then no commas are necessary.
Lets start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last words in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, or with a. If you find yourself wondering whether you should put commas around a word. I will refer back to this post when i use appositives. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. It is with these conventions that bevin alexanders how wars are won, a book which discusses the nature of war, demonstrates the effectiveness of these conventions. Comma academic writing in english, lund university. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction and, or, but, nor, yet, for, so separating independent clauses, statements that can stand alone. Also do not include both a persons title, such as doctor, and their corresponding degree, such as m. I am reading life after life by jill mccorkle, not life after life by kate atkinson. Question mark and comma midsentence the editors blog. Asked in grammar, sentence and word structure, example sentences. The title should be in italics how i became a millionaire. When to use commas after introductory prepositional phrases.753 46 646 848 906 1414 1090 964 1386 727 542 1204 1538 33 929 1200 29 1565 998 169 1374 912 1066 1475 740 1232 825 1232 178 1199